China: Liu Xiaobo, 54, a Chinese literary figure and dissident, is currently serving a long pison term years for protesting (non-violently) Chinese government. Here.
Grand Banana Republic: Lawyer jailed for refusing to pledge allegiance to flag. Here. (Note: The fact that the lawyer was released five hours later does not diminish the totalitarian nature of this case (nor does it matter what judicial level the judge was at); the fact remains, a Grand Banana Republic citizen was jailed for contempt for not “supporting the government”).